Paper Scroll
Has anybody stopped to think what will happen to the internet in the future if we are not able to generate electrical power due to ever invading “green” policies? What then will happen to our knowledge and history? As with all antique items, the carbon footprint to produce them has long since passed into history. The paper books, postage stamps, postcards, fine art and paper ephemera are all relics of days gone by that we may have to rely upon in the future for our knowledge and history.


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Bookmark SelectionThe humble bookmark is an invaluable asset to the avid reader. For as long as there have been books, bookmarks have been the readers friend. It is a convenient and safe way to remind the reader where to start reading next, when he or she continues to read after a break. Bookmarks also saved valuable books from becoming “dog eared” where the reader bends over the corner of the page as a reminder where to start again.


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Groom StickGroom stick is a registered trade mark of Picreator Enterprises Ltd
Groom/Stick is a novel form of natural rubber with specific properties combining to create a surface dry-cleaner of high efficiency. The rubber’s natural structure has been modified to make it permanently soft, kneadable and strongly tacky. Moisture, solvents and chemical additives have been excluded.
As a non-abrasive, non-staining cleaner with diversified uses including paper, library materials, archival paper to various metals and more.

Metal De Corroder

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Metal De CorroderAmine complex of hydro-oxycarboxilic acid in aqueous solution. pH: approx 4.0
Treatment selectively ruptures the bond between base metal and corrosion layer, reducing rust to a sludge which is easily wiped or brushed away. A clean-water rinse stops the process.

Pre Lim

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Pre Lim Metal BurnisherA gentle abrasive paste for non-scratch cleaning of metals and many sensitive fine-art surfaces.
Pre-lim is widely used in the professional restoration of arms and amour, sculpture, brass and copper exhibition cookware, ceramics and automobile paintwork.

F.W. Elliott Ltd History

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Mahogany RAF Sector ClockF. W. Elliott of London clocks range from the timepiece Elliott clocks, through strike Elliott clocks to full Westminster and Whittington chiming Elliott clocks. Each Elliott clock has been hand made to a high specification and has an eight-day mechanical movement, making them one of the best clocks in the world.

Trade Tokens

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Roderick BakeryLoaf Of BreadOn two occasions in Britain, the lack of small change and the failure of the government to deal with the situation, led to the private issue of tokens, which were used widely, although they were an illegal form of coinage. The issues were made during the second half of the 1600s, the late 1700s and the early 1800s.

About Rarity4u

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Viking Ship StandRarity4u are a small family run business selling antique and collectable items. We help many users each day to find the information for which they search. Our website covers a broad range of items and topics and our ever increasing library of in-depth articles covers a variety of subjects, from crochet to coin collecting. Whether you are looking to start a new collection, to improve your knowledge, or simply to get inspired, there is something for everyone.

Meet The Seller

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Meet The SellerAs a professional engineer my career has been focused on problem solving. Now that my wife and I have stepped aside to allow the younger generation to carry the load, we are able to pursue the things that motivate and give us enjoyment.

Tree Of Knowledge

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Tree of KnowledgeThe new and exciting Joomla 5 website programme has now been officially released. Earlier we had been using an un-finished version of the programme to familiarise ourselves with the new features and to test and report issues back to the Joomla 5 development team. Now that the final version has been released, we will start to rebuild our site and take advantage of the benefits the new programme offers.

Welcome To Rarity4u

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Antiques Are Green
Rarity4u are a premier and trusted online resource to find, collect, buy and learn about antiques, collectables and other old, rare and beautiful items. Our carefully selected items range from the Georgian, Victorian, Art Nouveau and Art Deco periods through to Contemporary and include furniture, jewellery, toys Asian antiques and so much more.


Books Posters Magazines
The history of human beings has been drawn on cave walls, stone and paper of all sorts. Books, Posters, Magazines, Postage Stamps, Postcards, Fine Art, Newspaper, Photographs and many more. Whilst the internet is currently the most frequently used and convenient resource, the information on the humble paper or canvas remains supreme. As with all antique items, the carbon footprint to produce them has long since passed into history. The paper books, postage stamps, postcards, fine art and paper ephemera are all relics of days gone by that we may have to rely upon in the future for our knowledge and history. What makes a paper item valuable? The author, painter, subject, date, binding, framing, distinctive illustrations, provenance, rarity, edition, printing, usefulness – or any combination of these – are all factors in determining the value of a paper item, but above all, the item must be complete and in good condition.
CeramicsIn a typical home there are likely to be more objects made of ceramics – earthenware, stoneware and porcelain – than any other single category of material. Most will be 1900s and 2000s, a fair proportion will be late Victorian and perhaps a few pieces will be earlier.
Oriental ceramics have a far richer history than those in the west. Fine porcelain was made in China from at least the 800's and started to reach Europe around 1600s.
Despite their inherent fragility, many early Chinese pieces survive and are keenly collected.
Cleaning and Maintenance ProductsVery few people set out intentionally to ruin an antique, but people regularly make costly mistakes every day when caring for antiques. Why should this be so? In most cases it is simply because they do not know any better, or they follow old wives tales and old fashioned handed down methods. The technology developed to put a man on the moon and oil platforms into the North Sea, has become available to us for use in our everyday lives. The range of products that we supply includes the world-renowned Renaissance wax which was developed in the laboratories of the British Museum and is used to preserve all types of objects in the museum and historical collections. We are often consulted by architects and conservators who wish to use the products in the cleaning and maintenance of both interior and exterior surfaces.
Clocks Watches and InstrumentsThe lure of antique timepieces lies in their combination of art and technology. Visual clues can help date the item and identify its mechanics.
Barometers and thermometers still have their place in forecasting the weather, but early examples are now collector´s items too.
Scientists, astronomers, sailor and the general public employed a range of microscopes, telescopes and other magnifying instruments as diverse as the stargazers´six-footer to pearl encrusted opera glasses.
From longcase clocks to cuckcoo clocks, tower clocks to marine chronometers, carriage clocks to table clocks, the avid collector is spoilt for choice.
Coins And BanknotesCoins and historic medallions have long been appreciated by collectors, many of them being considerable works of art in their own right, and all of them expressing a facet of history. Who, on finding a silver coin of the reign of George II, marked with the name LIMA, would be anything but fascinated to discover that the silver used in the making had come from captured treasures. The British privateers the Duke and the Prince Frederick, had taken two armed French ships in the North Atlantic and, on their return to Britain, the captured silver was immediately taken to the Tower of London where it probably supplied more than half the coinage of George II’s reign. Coins of this period, particularly the low denominations, are by no means overpriced. It is also surprising to note the prices obtained for silver coins of the 1200’s and 1300’s. A silver penny of the reign of King Edward I, for example, may still be purchased for well under £50.00, yet such a coin is in fact a medieval royal portrait that has been actually hammered individually by hand.
Our customers are our most valuable asset. We understand the apprehension when buying online from an unknown company, so we publish all our policies to reassure our customers they are dealing with a trusted and professional company.
It is important we gain your confidence by publishing general information about Rarity4u. We are a family run company offering a personal service and suggest people only buy from a trusted supplier.
Everything ElseA menagerie or collection of categories and topics that do not fit conveniently anywhere else.
The idea of an object having value due to its age is only about 100 years old. It may only be a coincidence that this corresponds to when the legal definition of an antique was established. Before that, except in the case of Greek and Roman antiquities, items were judged purely on their artistic merit, or how fashionable they were, age meant very little.
Very often furniture and other important works of art filtered down through the social strata as the landed gentry refurnished their houses. This frequently involved a complete updating, replacing not only the decorations but occasionally remodelling the fabric of the building as well. Some outdated or unfashionable furniture and other items were banished to the attic or the servants´quarters or simply dumped, to be recycled by the estate workers. Passed on down the centuries, and often altered on the way, these objects eventually find their way onto the market, sometimes without the current owner appreciating the value. The anticipation that an undiscovered treasure may be lurking in the next shop is part of the thrill of collecting.
Advertising and Packaging
Because there is so much choice of material, there are specialist collectors for all sorts of advertisements from engraved 1700's trade cards to pottery Guinness toucans, labels, posters, large enamelled metal street 'puffs' as they became known in the 1800's, and shop signs such as barbers' poles and opticians' spectacles. There are calendars, book marks and paper weights, clothes hangers, shoe trees, thermometers, ashtrays, biscuit tins, bar furnishings and beer mats, and among the first attempts to sell through attractive packaging was the pot lid.
Beauty and Barber
Human beings have been adorning or improving their looks since the creation of time. From the need to remove unwanted body hair, to applying facial powders and lipstick to improve ones look, beauty has always played an important role in fashion and human development. Beauty, hygiene and grooming equipment is generally a neglected area of collecting. No longer do we use or manufacture beautiful cut glass silver topped perfume bottles because they have been replaced by modern packaging. Be that as it may, modern packaging is functional and practical rather than beautiful and useful.
Model Wooden  CarHere you will find general information about antiques, that applies across many different categories. from buying and selling tips to what to collect today that will become a sort after antique tomorrow. The reader will need to adapt the information depending on whether one is considering an antique car or an antique model of the car. Antiques is a very large and specialized subject where many books and much information is available. We cannot therefore do justice to the subject without writing yet another book on the subject, so this is only meant to be a brief introduction to an alluring and fascinating subject. The anticipation that an undiscovered treasure may be lurking in the next shop is part of the thrill of collecting.
Everything Else History Culture CustomsEating and drinking customs and habits help to define who we are. The Ale Warmer or Muller is a good example of a once common every day article that was developed to satisfy the desire for warm ale on a cold winter´s night. Even the tables where we eat our food and the chairs upon which we sit have evolved over time according to changing customs, habits and fashion. The very scenery and environment in which we live all influence who and what we are. Many will romanticise about the good old days, and for some they were just that, but for the many it was a time of drudgery, toil and hard work for little gain or financial reward.
Stars & Stripes
Styles and fashions have been copied, altered and adapted since time began and American antiques are no different. The development and evolution of the USA gave rise to unique styles and pieces combining practicality, abundance or scarcity of materials along with native American Indian influence.
Union Flag
Styles and fashions have been copied, altered and adapted since time began and British antiques are no different. The development and evolution of Britain and the British has been greatly influenced not only by modernisation but also by the styles from many other countries. Unique styles combining practicality, abundance or scarcity of materials along with local influence gave rise to attractive and unique pieces.
Stolen Goods Fakes and Treasure
We publish items of interest to keep people up to date with market trends. Even in affluent times, thieves and fakes abound. At any time, one cannot be too careful so we should all do what we can to protect our property. Fakes from Russia, China and elsewhere are becoming more frequent and more difficult to spot and the market is awash with these items. Specialist collectors and dealers have been genuinely caught, so research the subject before you part with any hard earned cash.
KangTableOne of the delights of antique furniture as with all practical antiques, is that it is a tangible link with the past. Sitting at a 1700´s desk, it is easy to imagine an earlier owner leaning on the same surface, struggling with an important letter. An ink stain on a well-rubbed edge adds to the sense of continuity.
The way antique furniture carries the mantle of age is one of its appealing characteristics. Whilst ceramics and glass are little altered by the years, a piece of furniture changes in subtle ways, its timbers gradually shrink and mellow through handling, polishing and exposure. This slow maturing gives it a unique patina that cannot be matched – or reproduced – by the finest new pieces.
Glass Grapes
Glass has a magical quality born of its transition from sand and other minerals to vessels of transparent delicacy. Barring breakage, scouring pads and dishwashers, glass is wonderfully resistant to age, neither warping like furniture, nor tarnishing like metal. It can look the same after 200 years as it did when as new the shape and style reflecting the customs and habits of the time.
Jewellery and Gemstones
The value of jewellery depends on the quality of the materials used to make it, its design, maker and condition, and the prevailing fashion and taste.
Rare gems of the highest quality are usually a good investment because the political and physical problems involved in mining them and the scarcity of fine stones means that supply is unlikely to exceed demand. Diamonds are the exception as their supply is controlled by an international cartel to maintain prices, but demand can always be fulfilled so no dramatic rise in pieces is likely.
Humans have been fascinated with jewellery and gemstones since time began. It is said that jewellery making is the oldest profession in the world or at least associated with the oldest profession in the world. Whatever may be the case there is no sign that Jewellery will cease to be important to humans for many years to come and hence makes for an enjoyable collecting area.
Metals are a natural and abundant resource that is both malleable and extremely durable, which makes them suitable for all manner of practical purposes. Pure metals, such as copper, iron, lead and tin, and various alloys including brass, bronze and pewter have been used around the world for thousands of years. Metals have played a significant role in the development of human civilisation, with bronze and iron used to make early tools and weapons. Drinking vessels and utensils for making and eating food have been fashioned from metal since ancient times. Pewter and spelter were inexpensive alternatives to more precious metals.
Humans have used metal objects to help and assist then in their daily endeavours. Before electricity, creating fire and light was a major problem and as a consequence a whole industry, terminology and paraphernalia accompanied the ritual of lighting the fire and making light. Metal has played a major part in cooking through the ages and even today we us a range of metal items when preparing, cooking and serving food and drink. However the shape and types of metals used has changed over time and some are no longer used today. Jelly moulds, ale warmers, bed warmers, wax jacks, chamber sticks, taper sticks, snuffers and trays, trivets, footmen, sadirons, fenders and firedogs were all items in everyday use that our ancestors took for granted that today makes an enjoyable collecting area.
Fire  and LightIn the northern hemisphere where the days are short, dark and cold during the winter months, daily warmth indoors, and being able to build and maintain a domestic fire was an important housekeeping skill in the days before electricity. Fire and light are as necessary today as they were in years gone by. However making both light and fire in times passed was much more onerous, an art passed on from one generation to another. As a consequence a whole industry, terminology and paraphernalia accompanied the ritual of lighting the fire and making light. Wax jacks, chamber sticks, taper sticks, snuffers and trays, trivets, footmen, sadirons, fenders and firedogs were all items in everyday use that our ancestors took for granted.
Silver and Silverplate
Ever since it was discovered silver, like gold has been converted into gleaming artefacts of great splendour and beauty. Such symbols of wealth and power are collected not only for their superb workmanship, but smaller more ornate pieces also have a unique attraction. This is in part because silver has always been a precious metal. The intrinsic value of silver has had one undesirable effect, silver objects have long been regarded as recyclable and thousands of pieces have been lost over the centuries, melted down to finance wars, to cover up theft, or simply to make something more fashionable.
Sterling SilverSilver in its natural state is 99% pure and is too soft and malleable to be used effectively for any practical purposes. It is alloyed with copper or zinc to toughen it up. Sterling Silver is 92.5% pure silver and 7.5% copper. It melts at 894 degrees Centigrade. Sterling Silver is one of the most popular metals in the jewellery trade, and people with allergies to other metals can safely use this metal. A multi-faceted metal, it is used extensively for coins, utensils, storage containers, jewellery and other decorative pieces.
FabergeWriting about Faberge is as close as I will come to this famous and well known Russian silversmith since all the pieces are unfortunately outside of my financial reach.
Peter Charles Faberge was born in Russia, in St. Petersburg on May, 30th, 1846. His father Gustav, of Huguenot extraction, was an unassuming jeweller who had been independently active since 1841. In 1860, Carl Faberge accompanied his parents on their move to Dresden. From there his father sent him on a tour of Europe, with stops in Frankfurt, Florence, and Paris. Back in St. Petersburg by 1866 as a full-fledged master, Carl joined Hiskias Pendin, August Holmstrom, and Wilhelm Reimer, all of whom had been employed by his father. In 1868 a Finnish goldsmith, Erik Kollin, was attached to the firm. Four years later Carl Faberge took over his father's workshop, with Kollin as his first head workmaster.

In 1882, Agathon Faberge joined his brother Carl in St. Petersburg and worked with him for over ten years. This period was to be the richest and most creative in Faberge's oeuvre, with the quality of objects produced remaining unsurpassed.
Most of the Faberge themes (the Imperial Easter eggs, animals, flowers, and objects of vertu in hard stones or precious metals) were introduced during this period and under the direction of the head workmaster, Mikhail Perkhin (1886-1903). By the 1890's Faberge had outstripped his competitors in the field of objects and silver and important commissions were undertaken for the Coronation festivities of 1896. Trips made by the Imperial Family to Denmark and to London were a source of excellent business for Faberge, since many of their presents came from his workshops.
In the 1830’s George Richard Elkington and his brother Henry Elkington patented the process for electroplating silver and by the 1840’s had perfected the techniques which were to make them famous. Electroplate or silverplate was a completely different process from Sheffield plate. Instead of fusing two or three pieces of metal together, the process used electricity to deposit pure silver onto a base metal. Various base metals were used but “nickel silver,” an alloy of copper, zinc and nickel, proved to be the best for electroplating.
Styles, Periods and Special Events
Whilst some styles and periods are best forgotten, most have been copied, modified and repeated many times. Special events vary around the world but they all reflect the historic events of individual countries.
Styles and Periods
The story of style can be said to be the tracing of the strands that mesh to give each age its distinctive look, from the skills and materials available, to the changes in life style and income from buyers zest for the new, to designers vision of beauty.
Special Events
For some a special event is a designated day or holiday such as Christmas Day or Valentine´s Day, but for others it can represent a birth or confirmation, whilst for others it can be a treat to say thank you, or I appreciate you. Some say it with flowers, others with a pieces of jewellery, but whatever your taste, it is always nice to know that your efforts are appreciated and rewarded with a gift.