A new style, short lived and excessive, which thrived between c.1880 and 1914. It first appeared in Britain in the 1880’s and spread throughout Europe, particularly Belgium, France and Germany, in the early 1890s. It survived for 20 years, reflecting a return to nature and to the values of good workmanship. Known in Italy as stile Liberty, in Germany and Scandinavia asJugendstil, and Secession in Austria. The characteristics of Art Nouveau were drawn from nature and featured plants and flowers in sinuous curves and convolutions.